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refers to the “overrepresentation” and “underrepresentation” of a particular demographic group in special education programs relative to the presence of this group in the overall student population.


If you would like information about how SPAN is addressing Disproportionality in school districts in New Jersey, please contact The START Project Director, Karen Antone at



Moving your Numbers: Parent Guide- Examines how school districts increase the performance of students with disabilities as part of whole-district reform efforts.

Disproportionality of Minorities in Special Education- This video gives some specific statistics of over and under-representation of minority groups in special education.

Addressinging Over-Representation of African American Students in Special Education- Approaches that researchers and experienced practitioners recommend may be undertaken to prevent the over-representation of African American students.

Truth in Labeling: Disproportionality in Special Education- This guide provide educators with basic information about the nature and causes of disproportionality.

Council for Children with Behavioral Disorder's position summary on Federal Policy on Disproportionality in Special EducationThis document provides policy recommendations regarding disproportionality in special education and the need for federal policy driving state regulations to support efforts to eliminate this outcome in schools. 

Resources to Address Disproportionality- Visit the Center for Parent Information and Resourse to download the US Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs Disproportionality slide show presentation, trainers guide and handouts.

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